Jericho is described in the Bible as the «City of Palms». Copious springs in and around the city attracted human habitation for thousands of years. Jericho was among the first places on earth where this transition took place. Jericho is located 258 meters below sea level in an oasis in Wadi Qelt in the Jordan Valley. The nearby spring of Ein es-Sultan produces 3.8 m3 of water per minute, irrigating some 10 square kilometers through multiple channels and feeding into the Jordan River, 10 kilometers away. Annual rainfall is 160 mm mostly concentrated between November and February. The average temperature is 15 °C in January and 31 °C in August. The constant sunshine, rich alluvial soil, and abundant water from the spring have always made Jericho an attractive place for settlement.
© Qais Assali